王衡,顾仲朝,吴媛,陈忠伟,蒋贤根,严中光,庄苗,林香娟.浙江省水产品食品安全企业标准质量评估及改进对策[J].中国食品卫生杂志,2017,29(5):605-609. 本文二维码信息
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浙江省水产品食品安全企业标准质量评估及改进对策
Quality assessment and improvement measures on aquatic food safety standard in Zhejiang
投稿时间:2017-08-02  
DOI:
中文关键词:  食品安全  企业标准  水产品  指标  评估  浙江
Key Words:Food safety  enterprise standards  aquatic products  indicators  assessment  Zhejiang
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王衡 舟山市卫生监督所,浙江 舟山 316022 zsxianxian@126.com 
顾仲朝 舟山市卫生监督所,浙江 舟山 316022  
吴媛 舟山市卫生监督所,浙江 舟山 316022  
陈忠伟 舟山市卫生监督所,浙江 舟山 316022  
蒋贤根 浙江省疾病预防控制中心, 浙江 杭州 310051  
严中光 浙江省卫生监督所,浙江 杭州 310002  
庄苗 浙江省卫生监督所,浙江 杭州 310002  
林香娟 浙江省卫生监督所,浙江 杭州 310002  
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中文摘要:
      目的 评估浙江省水产品食品安全企业标准的安全性指标设置情况,分析备案工作存在问题及原因,提出改进对策,提高企业食品安全标准化水平。方法 从2009年6月至2015年12月,已在浙江省卫生行政部门备案的水产品企业标准中,采用随机抽样的方法,每年抽取50份标准文本(2009年抽取25份),共325份做质量评估。结果 2009年6月至2015年12月,浙江省累计接收企业标准备案材料24 839份,水产品企业标准共6 210份(占25.00%),其中舟山市、宁波市、温州市和台州市占浙江省的61.13%(3 796/6 210)。安全性指标设置的质量评估发现,致病菌限量的符合率总体上较污染物限量高。污染物限量的设置中,铅限量符合率为83.69%(272/325);无机砷和甲基汞限量符合率均>95.00%;镉限量的符合率为79.69%(259/325)。不同生产工艺的水产品企业标准各安全性指标的符合率除苯并[a]芘外,其余均差异有统计学意义(P<0.05):其中无机砷、N-二甲基亚硝胺和多氯联苯指标的即食水产品符合率最高,铅、甲基汞、铬、N-二甲基亚硝胺和多氯联苯指标中最低的为预制水产品和其他水产品及制品。结论 针对浙江省水产品食品安全企业标准中存在的问题,需要进一步提高企业的食品安全和标准化意识,加强标准业务培训,提高企业对食品安全标准的掌握程度。
Abstract:
      Objective To evaluate the quality of enterprise food safety standards for aquatic products in Zhejiang Province, analyze the problems and reasons, and put forward countermeasures to serve for the government and enterprises. Methods Three hundred and twenty-five pieces of enterprise food safety standards from Zhejiang Province health administrative department were randomly sampled for assessment which covered from June 2009 to December 2015,0 samples each year and 25 samples for 2009. Results A total of 24 839 enterprise standards were received, 6 210 were for aquatic products (25.00%). Zhoushan, Ningbo, Wenzhou and Taizhou accounted for 61.13% (3 796/6 210). It was found that from the quality assessment of safety indicators, the compliance rate of pathogens was generally higher than that of pollutants. The compliance rate was increasing year by year. The compliance rate of lead limit was 83.69% (272/325), that for methyl mercury and inorganic arsenic were >95.00%, and was 79.69% (259/325) for cadmium. Except for benzo[a]pyrene, the compliance rate of different production were different, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), the compliance rate of instant aquatic products in inorganic arsenic, N-dimethylnitrosamine and polychlorinated biphenyls were highest, the prefabricate aquatic and other products in lead, methylmercury, chromium, N-dimethylnitrosamine and polychlorinated biphenyls were the lowest. Conclusion It needs to further improve the awareness of food safety and food standards by the enterprises, strengthen the trainings and improve the knowledge on food standards.
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