程恒怡,钟延旭,陈杰,蒙浩洋,廖艳华,陈晖,蒋玉艳,谢艺红,苏奕成,刘展华.暴露限值法评估广西食用植物油中黄曲霉毒素B1的暴露风险[J].中国食品卫生杂志,2017,29(4):496-499. 本文二维码信息
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暴露限值法评估广西食用植物油中黄曲霉毒素B1的暴露风险
Exposure risk assessment of aflatoxin B1 in edible vegetable oil by using the margin of exposure in Guangxi
投稿时间:2017-06-01  
DOI:
中文关键词:  植物油  黄曲霉毒素B1  暴露限值法  风险评估  食品污染物  真菌毒素
Key Words:Edible vegetable oil  aflatoxin B1  margin of exposure  risk assessment  food contaminant  mycotoxin
基金项目:广西壮族自治区卫生和计划生育委员会自筹经费科研课题“广西部分地区植物油中黄曲霉毒素B1的风险评估”(Z2015461)
作者单位E-mail
程恒怡 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028 chenghengyi@sina.com,804159817@qq.com 
钟延旭 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
陈杰 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
蒙浩洋 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
廖艳华 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
陈晖 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
蒋玉艳 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
谢艺红 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
苏奕成 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心,广西 南宁 530028  
刘展华 广西-东盟食品药品安全检验检测中心,广西 南宁 530021 chenghengyi@sina.com,804159817@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 评估广西食用植物油中黄曲霉毒素B1的暴露风险。方法 结合广西植物油中黄曲霉毒素B1污染状况和人群消费量的调查结果,应用暴露限值(margin of exposure, MOE)法对植物油中黄曲霉毒素B1膳食暴露情况进行分析。结果 此次调查中植物油样品黄曲霉毒素B1含量范围为0.50~320.00 μg/kg。其中,花生油的检出率为78.08%(114/146),远高于其他植物油,超标率为31.51%(46/146),平均含量为30.80 μg/kg,人群日膳食暴露量为17.30 ng/kg BW,MOE值为18。定型包装花生油中黄曲霉毒素B1平均含量为6.33 μg/kg,低于国家安全标准,处于安全范围;而散装花生油黄曲霉毒素B1平均为41.50 μg/kg,含量高出国家标准1.08倍,人群日膳食暴露量25.59 ng/kg BW,MOE值为12,是定型包装的MOE值的1/8。结论 对于散装花生油应优先采取风险管理措施,加大监管力度,并做好人群健康饮食习惯指导。
Abstract:
      Objective This report aims to assess the exposure risk of aflatoxin B1 in edible vegetable oil in Guangxi. Methods By using margin of exposure (MOE), the report analyzes the dietary exposure of aflatoxin B1 in edible vegetable oil with the data from contamination survey and dietary intake survey. Results For the vegetable oil sample, the content of aflatoxin B1 was between 0.50-320.00 μg/kg.The detection rate of peanut oil was 78.08% (114/146) which was higher than other vegetable oil, and the exceeding rate was 31.51% (46/146). For peanut oil, the average content was 30.80 μg/kg, the dietary exposure of the population was 17.30 ng/kg BW, and the MOE was 18. For the prepackaged peanut oil samples, the average content of aflatoxin B1 was 6.33 μg/kg, which was below the limit. While for the bulk peanut oil, the average content of AFB1 was 41.50 μg/kg, which was more than 1.08 times of the limit, and the dietary exposure was 25.59 ng/kg BW. The MOE of bulk peanut oil was 12,1/8 of the prepackaged peanut oil. Conclusion Food safety regulators should pay more attention to bulk peanut oil products, the priority in the risk management measures. At the same time, related department should also promote healthy education for the residents.
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